Municipal Election 2014

No Evidence to Support Clark's New LRT Position

Clark's new transit position is to ask the Province for less money than they offered to build a more modest system that will cost us more money to operate while generating less revenue and attracting less new private investment.

By Ryan McGreal
Published September 05, 2014

this article has been updated

This week, Mayoral candidate Brad Clark came out in opposition to the city's Light Rail Transit (LRT) plan for the east-west B-Line corridor between Eastgate Square and McMaster University.

B-Line LRT route map
B-Line LRT route map

Clark supported LRT through the city's entire planning and design process, right back to the original rapid transit feasibility study in 2008. Now he says he has new information that shows the plan is unaffordable. RTH contacted Clark to ask about his sources but we have not received any response.

Neither the City nor the Province has published any new studies since the City's Rapid Ready LRT plan was released in February 2013, so it is not clear where Clark is getting this new information.

Operating Costs

Clark claims a B-Line LRT and a north-south A-Line bus rapid transit (BRT) will cost the city $73.5 million a year to operate. He doesn't break down what proportion of this cost will be for LRT and what proportion will be for BRT, and he doesn't specify whether this will be a gross operating cost (not including revenue) or a net operating cost.

It is not at all clear how he arrived at this number, since the City's Rapid Ready LRT plan notes that the entire HSR - bus lines and LRT included - will cost $51 million a year to operate.

In fact, Rapid Ready projects that the net levy cost for the HSR bus and LRT system is actually $7.1 million lower than the cost of a bus-only system by 2031 and that the net operating cost per passenger is only $1.51 in a system including LRT, compared to $2.28 in a system with buses alone.

Based on actual sourced net operating cost projections, Clark is proposing that the City spend $7 million more per year on a system that will carry far fewer passenger trips: 25.5 million a year compared with 33.9 million.

Capital Upgrades

Clark also claims the City will have to spend "millions if not hundreds of millions of dollars" on capital upgrades, even if the Province keeps its commitment to paying 100 percent of the capital cost of the LRT system.

It's hard to take this claim seriously, not only because it is unsourced but also because it represents a cost spread of two orders of magnitude.

Since the Province has not yet made a funding commitment, we do not know exactly what the Province is willing to fund or how it defines "100 percent capital funding". This seems to be pure speculation on Clark's part, designed to sow fear and uncertainty and undermine public support for the plan.

Economic Uplift Projections

Based on no evidence whatsoever, Clark claims the economic uplift estimates for the LRT plan are "overly rosy" and that the system will likely not attract as much new investment as the Rapid Ready plan projects.

Distribution of new taxable assessment without LRT and with LRT (Source: Canadian Urban Institute)
Distribution of new taxable assessment without LRT and with LRT (Source: Canadian Urban Institute)

In fact, the economic uplift numbers from the Canadian Urban Institute in the Rapid Ready plan are very conservative - far from being "overly rosy", it's a worst-case estimate.

Changed Position

On the subject of LRT, Clark is sounding more and more like outgoing Mayor Bob Bratina, who changed his mind about the LRT plan while insisting he did not. Clark has supported LRT from the beginning, voting in favour of LRT at every Council vote since the Rapid Transit office was established in the end of 2007.

Clark also voted in favour of the Rapid Ready LRT plan. Now, like Bratina, he's trying to redefine Rapid Ready to mean it's not actually an LRT plan. A column in today's Spectator quotes Clark:

Clark insists there's no contradiction because his vote was cast for the entire Rapid Ready transit report, which encompasses local transit upgrades as well as LRT.

"The fact is, the Rapid Ready report is what council has before the government right now, and that calls for local transit improvements."

This echoes Bratina's attempt in April 2013 to claim the Rapid Ready plan was really about improving bus service. Here is what Chris Murray had to say to Council at the time:

In terms of where we've been all along, we've been focused all along on the B-Line and advancing the detail of that B-Line so the Province can make a decision on the B-Line. Okay? ... We think investing in transit, LRT specifically, in the City of Hamilton is something fundamental to our growth.

The result of that meeting was a directive from Council - for which Clark voted - clarifying and reaffirming Council's position that the Rapid Ready plan is a request for 100 percent capital funding for LRT.

Some Champion

Some years ago, when LRT was still an exciting initiative rather than a dreary political football, I had a meeting with Clark and Ancaster-Dundas-Flamborough-Westdale MP David Sweet at a Tim Hortons in rural Ancaster.

Clark and Sweet were both bullish on LRT, and Clark took pains to establish his pro-transit bona fides. I still remember his line: "When Mike Harris asked me to be his Minister of Transport, I asked him: 'Do you want me to be the Minister of Highways or the Minister of Transport?'"

As recently as September 2011, Clark was still making the case for LRT. In a blog post on his Councillor website, now deleted, he wrote:

[W]ith another provincial election just weeks away, you would expect that the Hamilton Council would be fighting to secure the original $1 billion promised for our two LRT lines. You would expect that Hamilton Council would be demanding equal treatment with the GTA. You would expect that Hamilton would be demanding that the 2007 election promise of 2 LRT lines, $1 billion in funding and no funding required from the Hamilton is delivered. Apparently, those would be false expectations, because the Mayor has walked away from LRT! ...

Hamilton Council was so eager to find the money to leverage the PanAm games at 56% than [sic] why is Council and our community leaders not pressuring the Government to keep their promise to fund the LRT at 100%.

I am not an LRT champion. I am a Champion for Hamilton. I have always stated that the province must keep their 2007 election LRT promise. Council's position has not changed. We are Champions for Hamilton. We rightfully expect and respectfully demand the same treatment as Toronto.

Whatever happened to the feisty Councillor who criticized the Mayor for walking away from the promise of LRT instead of demanding that the Province keep its commitment to full capital funding?

Whatever happened to the former Cabinet Minister touting his ability to work with higher levels of government to secure Hamilton's interests?

Clark's new transit position is to ask the Province for less money than they have offered us in order to build a more modest system that will cost us more money to operate while generating less revenue and attracting less new private investment.

It's a real shame that the self-styled "Champion for Hamilton" is willing to sacrifice the city's most exciting opportunity for long-term prosperity to pander for votes by misinforming Hamiltonians about LRT.

FOI Request

Clark's campaign also includes a robocall in which Clark's recorded voice reiterates his unsupported claims about LRT costs and asks listeners to agree or disagree. Clark has stated that he will not share the results of his robocall program.

Clark has also launched a volley at former Mayor Fred Eisenberger with a Freedom of Information (FOI) request under the Municipal Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act (MFIPPA) for all documents related to LRT that were sent to or from the Mayor's office in 2010.

This is a large, complicated FOI request, and it normally takes several months of back-and-forth for the City to produce results. Clark surely knows this, so the FOI request serves mainly as a mud-slinging tactic to raise yet more confusion and uncertainty about the credibility of the LRT file.

Other Mayoral Candidates

RTH contacted all the mayoral candidates to ask for their comments on Clark's LRT position.

Michael Baldasaro responded in an email, writing the he also does not support an east-west LRT, calling it "unsustainble".

Instead, he supports an LRT loop that would "run North on Bay and South on James Streets, East and west between King and Hunter, and include the new HSR Station on MacNab. This is the only LRT Route that makes sense."

Ejaz Butt responded in an email, writing, "He being a councillor, strongly supported the LRT with 100% provincial funding. This statement of his to dump the LRT is just nothing other than to attract the people to vote for him."

Butt also took the news media to task for "propagating [Clark's] press release to get him elected as mayor" while ignoring Butt's press release. (RTH has not received a copy of Butt's press release.)

Fred Eisenberger issued a press release reiterating his position that he supports LRT but wants to "hit the reset button" with a new "community engagement process to review all the public transportation options and build broad public support".

Eisenberger called Clark's FOI request a "politically-motivated stunt" and welcomed the results of the request. "The more information the citizens receive on rapid transit the better."

He also criticized Clark for "flip-flopping on the LRT issue," noting, "Mr. Clark already has all this information at his disposal. In fact, he voted in favour of LRT multiple times."

Crystal Lavigne responded in an email, writing, "I would like to see our bus system improved throughout our entire city, targeting the areas that are lacking the most. I’d also like to see improvements in our North/South routes, especially running on the east side."

Lavigne opposed LRT but advocates a gondola as a "fast north/south connection" and "an excellent tourist attraction as well." She wants to install rental bicycles at each station and connect the gondola to bus lines.

She also criticized Clark for supporting the Cannon Street Cycle Track and for office expenses that include over $2,800 for personal communications skills training.

Brian McHattie issued a press release on Wednesday, stating: "Good enough is no longer good enough for Hamilton. We deserve great." McHattie supports LRT and wants the Province to keep its commitment to full capital funding. (Disclosure: I have done some volunteering with McHattie's campaign.)

"I don’t see why Hamiltonians should be funding LRT in Kitchener/Waterloo, Mississauga, or Ottawa, to name a few, and accepting BRT for themselves. That’s unfair."

McHattie also touts the economic development potential for LRT, noting that Hamilton is attracting economic development and stating, "I want to build on that progress, not back away from it. hamilton’s future is a lot brighter than some people seem to think it is."

Mayoral candidates Mike Clancy, Nick Iamonico, Phil Ryerson and Ricky Tavares did not respond to our request for comment.


with files from Nicholas Kevlahan


Update: updated to include a response from Michael Baldasaro, which Baldasaro sent but RTH did not receive. You can jump to the added paragaraph.

Ryan McGreal, the editor of Raise the Hammer, lives in Hamilton with his family and works as a programmer, writer and consultant. Ryan volunteers with Hamilton Light Rail, a citizen group dedicated to bringing light rail transit to Hamilton. Ryan writes a city affairs column in Hamilton Magazine, and several of his articles have been published in the Hamilton Spectator. He also maintains a personal website and has been known to post passing thoughts on Twitter @RyanMcGreal. Recently, he took the plunge and finally joined Facebook.

33 Comments

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By RobF (registered) | Posted September 05, 2014 at 08:43:48

Great article. Clark's position on the LRT is really just cynical wedge politics. By all means Clark is welcome to debate the costs and merit of the LRT, but show us sources, evidence, numbers, etc. Otherwise the "it's nice, but we can't afford it" trope is just telling people who oppose it what they want to hear.

Good enough is no longer good enough for Hamilton. We deserve great.

McHattie, now that's a campaign slogan to go with your platform.

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By ItJustIs (registered) | Posted September 05, 2014 at 09:00:09

"Sometimes it's not enough to be right."

My prediction:

As much as Councillor McHattie is the golden boy of the 'Raise the Downtown' cabal, I don't believe that he's going to get the support outside the core (which seems to be predicated on LRT being trumpeted so earnestly) that will be required to win the election. Whereas Clark will. Call it 'The Bratina Effect'. Non-downtowners, non-lower city residents, demographics of 55+ers, the stodgy ones who are anchored in their love of Hamilton in differing ways than pro-LRTers.

Further, this will be a two-candidate race, with former Mayor Eisenberger dropping off the lead precipitously going forward. And I don't believe that Councillor McHattie will be our next mayor.

This may well make some ill to even consider, but I believe it reflects the realities of the situation beyond the LRT issue.

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By Tybalt (registered) | Posted September 05, 2014 at 15:00:23 in reply to Comment 104302

I really doubt it will be easy to push Fred Eisenberger out of the race. Many (in fact many who I think should know better) have bemoaned to me the loss of an opportunity when he lost last time.

We are stuck with a three-way race.

Comment edited by Tybalt on 2014-09-05 15:01:11

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By AnjoMan (registered) | Posted September 05, 2014 at 14:10:37 in reply to Comment 104302

FYI that Bratina ran on a pro-LRT campaign.

Although you may well be correct about where McHattie's primary support base is, I don't agree that LRT is an issue that only downtowners care about. The consultation for LRT showed broad support, and the arguments against it are very weak - you don't have to have a big stake in the LRT project to understand that that accepting provincial money for a well-studied, well-planned transit investment is a good idea.

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By Pxtl (registered) - website | Posted September 05, 2014 at 09:55:36 in reply to Comment 104302

Bratina got many votes in the lower city too, though, because he championed keeping the stadium in the lower city. Moving the stadium out to the East Mountain was a non-starter for downtown Hamiltonians. Di Ianni was, and always will be, the suburbia candidate. Bratina had a broad base of support across the city - remember that he was recently the councilor for Ward 2.

Likely vote-splitting will be what decides this election - we've got it rigidly defined along urban/left and suburban/right lines thanks to McHattie and Clark, with Eisenberger taking a similar but more moderate platform to McHattie.

If it falls down to McHattie v. Clark, it's anybody's game. If Eisenberger stays in right to the end, Clark could win handily. If DiIanni or another popular suburban candidate runs, then Clark could have a hard day.

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By Ryan (registered) - website | Posted September 05, 2014 at 10:32:50 in reply to Comment 104306

Bratina won some environmentalists by opposing the Aerotropolis. He won some urbanists by supporting LRT (ahem). He won some suburban isolationists by making noises about amalgamation. He won a lot of voters simply by having a familiar, mellifluous voice from the radio. It's hard to draw any urban/suburban conclusions from the outcome of the 2010 mayoral election.

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By Argh (anonymous) | Posted September 06, 2014 at 06:28:57 in reply to Comment 104308

"Bob Bratina just seemed like a nice guy" - 2010 Bob voter (with whom I am no longer friends)

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By jason (registered) | Posted September 05, 2014 at 23:00:21 in reply to Comment 104308

Let's just cut to the chase. There's too many flipping TiCat fans in this city. That's why Bob won.

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By Tybalt (registered) | Posted September 05, 2014 at 14:57:45 in reply to Comment 104308

Also, Bob wasn't just a nice voice from the radio (although he was that). Bob is genuinely great with people, or was before he was burdened with the mayoralty. It was hard to come away from a conversation with Bob feeling anything but positive.

Brad Clark, who I had always seen as a guy with integrity, doesn't have that easy way with people.

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By jason (registered) | Posted September 05, 2014 at 22:59:36 in reply to Comment 104335

well this is just anecdotal, but I've never had anything but fantastic interaction with Brad. Super great guy. Smart, easy to chat with etc..... Knowing who his campaign team is leaves me not surprised one bit at this political maneuvering. But truthfully, it is disappointing to see this tactic being pulled out to hopefully gain some votes.
If others had the same experience with him as I have, he could have earned their votes on that merit, without having to resort to this.

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By Pxtl (registered) - website | Posted September 05, 2014 at 16:18:25 in reply to Comment 104335

Yeah, I used to respect Clark's integrity too. So sad to see how he's changed to run for mayor.

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By Brat-worst (anonymous) | Posted September 05, 2014 at 14:25:23 in reply to Comment 104308

Also keep in mind that Bratina LOST in his own former Ward 2 during the last Mayoral election.

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By Ryan (registered) - website | Posted September 05, 2014 at 09:34:19 in reply to Comment 104302

Time will tell how your prediction turns out. It seems to me that this election is not so much between urban and suburban interests - the wedge Clark wants to drive into the electorate and which you have used to frame your analysis - but between wedge politics itself and a more inclusive politics that seeks to transcend parochialism and find common interests.

In the June provincial election, Liberal candidates Ivan Luksic (Hamilton East-Stoney Creek) and Javid Mirza (Hamilton Mountain) gambled on strongly opposing the east-west LRT plan in favour of a BRT plan designed to appeal to anti-urbanism among their constituents.

The both lost to NDP candidates (Paul Miller and Monique Taylor, respectively) who openly, strongly supported LRT.

I'm not suggesting they won because of their support for LRT, but it certainly didn't hurt them with the mountain and suburban voters who elected them.

So the question isn't whether Hamilton is ready for a "downtown" mayor but whether we're ready for a mayor who sees the big picture and can articulate a vision that reflects a broader public interest.

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By jeffzuk (registered) | Posted September 05, 2014 at 14:28:24 in reply to Comment 104305

I agree with Ryan. Personally, I have no problem with the election turning into a referendum on LRT - FUD or no FUD. It's a key issue, "fundamental to our growth," as the city manager describes it.

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By YouJustWish (anonymous) | Posted September 05, 2014 at 09:09:34 in reply to Comment 104302

Sometimes it's not enough to be wrong either.

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By TheBaldasaro (registered) - website | Posted September 05, 2014 at 09:09:25

The LRT LOOP is the heart of the System. A healthy heart supports the growth of strong arteries throughout the G.H.A.

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By jason (registered) | Posted September 05, 2014 at 10:40:36

This is what I can't stand about so many politicians. Willing to make horrible decisions and forever harm their own city if it means keeping the public paycheque for another 4 years.

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By Gravygulpingpoliticians (anonymous) | Posted September 05, 2014 at 11:45:11

insult spam deleted

Comment edited by administrator Ryan on 2014-09-05 12:58:23

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By What? (anonymous) | Posted September 05, 2014 at 11:49:33 in reply to Comment 104314

insult spam deleted

Comment edited by administrator Ryan on 2014-09-05 12:58:29

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By Gravygulpingpoliticians (anonymous) | Posted September 05, 2014 at 12:27:19 in reply to Comment 104315

insult spam deleted

Comment edited by administrator Ryan on 2014-09-05 12:58:35

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By Tybalt (registered) | Posted September 05, 2014 at 14:50:22

Well, at least now we know what Mike Harris said:

"I'd like you to be the Minister of Highways".

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By Tybalt (registered) | Posted September 05, 2014 at 14:55:14

Brother Michael's comment at least provided some comic relief. True to form! I think we have enough toy train track in our basement alone to build that one. Hunter at Bay to James at King? I think I can walk that in less than five minutes.

Maybe it just seems longer when you're... at one with the Universe.

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By Tybalt (registered) | Posted September 05, 2014 at 15:02:43

Oh I missed another bit of comic relief with Crystal Lavigne's gondola ride up the mountain. I'm still holding out for the catapult.

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By Ryan (registered) - website | Posted September 05, 2014 at 18:49:28 in reply to Comment 104338

I actually like the idea. It's no substitute for B-Line LRT but I could imagine a well-routed aerial tram as part of the transportation mix, especially going up and down the Escarpment.

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By John Neary (registered) | Posted September 06, 2014 at 16:00:25 in reply to Comment 104343

An incline railway at Wentworth, with bike share at the top and bottom, would link the downtown to the East Mountain (and the Juravinski Hospital) in a way that would be very difficult to do with conventional forms of transit.

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By TheDude (registered) | Posted September 05, 2014 at 20:51:59 in reply to Comment 104343

Bring back the funicular. Has anyone here been to Pittsburgh before? Their city shares a lot with ours. Built on steelmaking, which is now gone. Downtown that was a ghost town (but no longer). Scary place to be. Has an escarpment, is right on the waterfront, just like us. Had a football team with an aging stadium, too. They have a funicular up the escarpment - it's pretty neat to ride on.

Where's the RTH article on Pittsburgh's lessons learned and how they can apply to us in our city? :-)

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By Fred Street (anonymous) | Posted September 07, 2014 at 09:55:35 in reply to Comment 104346

Pittsburgh's incline avoids residential neighbourhoods and has a parking lot at both ends (and city bus stops, it is true). It's also competitive with car travel because of the lack of ready escarpment access.

A local equivalent might be something like Gage and Lawrence.

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By TheDude (registered) | Posted September 07, 2014 at 17:24:25 in reply to Comment 104364

Pittsburgh's incline avoids residential neighbourhoods

No, it does not. At the top is lots of residential, light commercial, etc. It's mixed use (or was when I was there 7-8 years ago).

It's also competitive with car travel because of the lack of ready escarpment access.

Disagree on that point too. We were able to drive up with no issues, and we were seeking out the funicular.

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By Fred Street (anonymous) | Posted September 08, 2014 at 08:59:30 in reply to Comment 104365

I won't claim to first-hand knowledge, just GoogleMaps. By their calculations, it takes 7 minutes to travel from the lower station to the upper station by incline, and 5-7 to accomplish the same feat by car, depending on which direction you travel. (Hamilton’s historic inclines stood above James South and Wentworth South. Both of those sites now have immediate escarpment access.)

The Dusquene Incline does not appear to bisect residential neighbourhoods. I see no evidence of no residential neighbourhoods below the escarpment that would be inclined to mount organized opposition. The lower station is a located along waterfront, and the closest neighbour to its parking lot is probably the Gateway View Plaza. Not exactly Kirkendall, Durand or Stinson.

Pittsburgh’s incline also has history on its side, having apparently been in operation more or less constantly since 1877. That insulates it from the sort of logistical and political headaches that a new funicular would face.

Of all the sites along Hamilton’s escarpment, Gage Park stands out as a logical parallel. Even so, the Niagara Escarpment Commission would make this proposal a Herculean task, and the railways would probably be just as sticky. But it really just comes down to the business case and the political will.

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By moylek (registered) - website | Posted September 07, 2014 at 09:23:33 in reply to Comment 104346

Bring back the funicular.

I have said this several times. The first time I was joking ... then I imagined what it could be like with bike routes and bike share and traffic between Mohawk and the core.

Bring back the funicular!

Comment edited by moylek on 2014-09-07 09:23:46

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By Ryan (registered) - website | Posted September 05, 2014 at 21:43:22 in reply to Comment 104346

Bring back the funicular.

I love this idea.

Where's the RTH article on Pittsburgh's lessons learned and how they can apply to us in our city? :-)

Would you be interested in writing it?

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By TheDude (registered) | Posted September 05, 2014 at 22:22:50 in reply to Comment 104349

Would you be interested in writing it?

Maybe. But I wouldn't know where to begin!

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By Pxtl (registered) - website | Posted September 05, 2014 at 16:17:06 in reply to Comment 104338

It's 2014, surely we can go for the more advanced trebuchet-based transit instead of catapults.

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