Commentary

A Transit Free Day in Paris France

One terrific learning opportunity that we all seem to rush by is what happens when parts of the system go down.

By Eric Britton
Published October 22, 2007

(With a possible HSR on the horizon, here is a reflection on another city going through a transit strike. The author's recommendations make as much sense in Hamilton as in Paris. -Ed.)

"A crisis is a terrible thing to waste." I have always thought so too, and in the field in which I do much of my work - i.e., the ways that people get around in their day to day lives - it has consistently struck me that one terrific learning opportunity that we all seem to rush by is what happens when parts of the system go down.

Or in this case, when parts of the system are taken down, as in the transit strike we are living through these days in Paris.

So, for a guy like me who thinks he can learn more from observing, talking to people and learning from the street than he can stuck in a chair in most international conferences, I grabbed my camera, jumped onto my bike, and went out into the street yesterday morning to see where the action was.

Weird. It was by all signs a great day for getting around in Paris. Lots of bikes of course (the close to 1:1 Vélib/non-Vélib split is standing up pretty well), plus a fair number of skaters, a few buses, and no metros (but you can't see them anyway).

What struck me was that at most intersections the cars were moving, if anything, even more smoothly than on a normal working day. Unexpectedly too, much of the time there were lots of empty taxis waiting at stands around the city. Paris inter-muros and on the street was looking pretty slick yesterday as this pretty big transit strike unfolded, and all that in a perfect sunny Autumn day.

Observations

So, what did I learn from this great learning day (in this particular case perhaps to be thought of as a "Transit Free Day")? I'd like to share a few observations:

1. Bikes, skating and, yes, walking have shown once again that they are great ways to get around in a compact city like Paris. If you could manage that you had a good day.

2. The Vélibs helped a lot. The fact that there were so many bikes out on the street certainly made the cycling a lot safer.

3. There was quite a bit of action reported by the ride-sharing programs.

4. Also, apparently, a fair amount of hitchhiking (not really a French habit).

5. And oh yes, lots of people stayed home and gave it a miss.

6. The dynamic maps and reports of the Régie Autonome des Transports Parisiens (RATP) (the Paris transit company), the Société Nationale des Chemins de fer Français (SNCF) (the national rail company) and the street traffic map (e.g. SYTADIN, Infotrafic, and Traffic Paris) are very useful sources for the wary, connected traveler. (I have not made use of the information that is available via mobile phones, and I really should.)

The people who were paying the price were the ones I could not see on the street. Those who live outside of Paris and have to come into the city to work were waiting for metros and trains for very long times, having to walk at times quite long distances even to get to the rail station, and often for trains that never came.

Most of these people are not among the wealthiest; they are for the most part hard-working people with very modest incomes and no choice but to live out in the low-rent districts. These were the sort of people who were paying the price for this labor action. (Makes you kind of ponder, eh?)

Next Steps

So if I were mayor, minister or transportation czar, what would I do next? Well, broadly three things.

First, I would keep doing what is already going on in this city, but even more of it. That is putting even more thought, time and resources into the process of reinventing its transportation system (and of which you can get some first glimmers at New Mobility Paris).

Everything that they are doing under their many programs and projects is going to help to provide a more effective, cleaner and easier transport system, with more options and conveniences than the old binary (private car/public transport) system that is no longer serving well (you can see a list of many of these tools and measures in the Paris New Mobility toolbox).

Second, I would make a major effort to improve, expand and make more widely available the information/communications interface, fixed and mobile. Information on the street, in the vehicles, and at the stops. Including on the mobile phones since (a) just about everyone here already has one (regardless of income levels).

The other side of the new mobility coin is the information systems that pull the whole thing together - and if we can't make full use of the capabilities that technology has to offer us in 2007 then we are a pretty miserable lot indeed.

Third, I think I would really get to business on 3 and 4 above, but not only for strikes but because that's really the right thing to do anyway. For both planetary climate reasons and for the more immediate reasons of more sustainable cities and better, softer lives for all, we need to make sharp reductions in the number of cars on the roads in our cites.

The most effective way to do this (other than shooting every other driver as one of my more virile colleagues has suggested) is to find agreeable ways to turn private cars into shared, public even, transport.

We have a lot of tools available that can help us do the job. That's not to say that ride-sharing is either a new thing or that it had not had both successes (relatively few in the past but now fast gaining) and less successful programs and outcomes, but rather that with the new IT interface this changes everything. If you are looking for a phrase to describe it, try digital hitchhiking.

So here are the three lessons I for one have learned from this great and unexpected open university course on the streets of the City of Light. If you have comments, corrections, expansions, well may I suggest that you aim them at the New Mobility Idea Factory.

Eric Britton was the founder of EcoPlan in 1966, formed to create an effective forum of international collaboration and independent counsel on issues regarding the management of technology as it affects people in their daily lives. In recent years he has turned his attention to sustainability, land use and urban planning, particularly in response to the challenges of climate change.

8 Comments

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By Frank (registered) | Posted October 23, 2007 at 08:37:05

I think Eric meant "public" not pubic! lol! I have a question about the road construction going on here and it pertains to the comment to keep doing what we're doing now. Why when Garth St., which has a lot of neighbourhoods in close proximity to it, is getting pulled up from the Linc to Mohawk are there no bike lanes being put in? It's being put back exactly the way it was taken up! Same with Mohawk. What's the deal?

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By Ryan (registered) - website | Posted October 23, 2007 at 09:18:38

Arrgh! I fixed the typo - thanks for pointing it out.

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By Steeltown (registered) | Posted October 24, 2007 at 08:56:53

The street next to Garth, West 5th has the bike lanes and West 5th is better for a bike lane as it runs along Mohawk College. They just need to have a bike lane from Mohawk to Fennel on West 5th.

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By jason (registered) | Posted October 24, 2007 at 10:09:12

bike lanes take up so little space, I'm amazed at why we don't put them on every street. Why are cars more important than bikes??
There's ample room on all of these mountain streets for bike lanes.

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By Steeltown (registered) | Posted October 24, 2007 at 11:44:51

During the construction of Garth it was made into one lane each way. As a result traffic was backed up because of the street lights on Garth and Limeridge, it's a strange set up. Traffic heading towards the Linc got backed up to Mohawk well traffic heading towards Mohawk got back up near Shoppers on Garth and that's all with one lane each way. You won't find many bike lanes added where there's an on and off ramp to the Linc, such as Garth.

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By Jon Dalton (anonymous) | Posted October 24, 2007 at 12:30:57

I was surprised to discover there are actually bike lanes on Stonechurch! If they can go there, they can go anywhere. Actually, the Stonechurch ones are in good enough shape you can actually ride on them instead of always swerving to the left to avoid potholes.

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By Capitalist (anonymous) | Posted November 06, 2007 at 15:39:50

I drive by West 5th twice a day, and I live near there too. I have never seen anybody ride their bike on those bike lanes. In fact, I have contemplated riding my bike on those lanes at some point just to be the first. You all advocate for more bike lanes, but you seem to be missing one small point. NOBODY USES THEM!

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By bathmateus. (anonymous) | Posted December 17, 2009 at 05:44:34

I really like this blog.Long Live this site.

Bathmate

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